Risk factors for mitral valve stenosis include rheumatic fever. Since rheumatic fever rates are declining in the United States, the incidence of mitral stenosis is also decreasing. Only rarely do other disorders cause this condition.

Symptoms

  • Chest discomfort
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Palpitations
  • Swelling of feet or ankles

Diagnostic Tools

Treatment

  • Mitral valve repair surgery corrects mitral valve insufficiency; the damaged valve is strengthened and shortened to help the valve close more tightly
  • Mitral valve replacement surgery corrects both mitral stenosis and insufficiency
  • Valve replacement with mechanical valves created from manmade materials, which require long-term blood thinning with warfarin medication
  • Valve replacement with biological (tissue) valves

Make an Appointment

For more information or to schedule an appointment with a heart specialist, please call our scheduling line.

Phone: 202-342-2400

Related Resources

Learn more about mitral stenosis care at MedStar Georgetown, including: